A well-attended eponymous festival in early September attracts serious chile lovers. In between munching on everything chile, you can stop by the various shops devoted to the nightshade. There are more than 40, acres dedicated to growing the peppers. Driving north toward Albuquerque, my surroundings change as I climb in altitude. The landscape is barren and ethereal. Boy, it does not disappoint.
The meat is incredibly tender and the sopapilla nicely balances the spice. Still farther north is Santa Fe. The hills are dramatic and the expanse of blue sky is breathtaking.
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I begin the trek home with my voracious appetite satiated and lips still ablaze. More Justin Kouri articles. Communities Near You. Edible San Francisco. Roasted Hatch Chile Cornbread Muffins The best part of traveling is being able to bring back the flavors to incorporate in your own cooking. These muffins update a Southern classic with some New Mexican spice, topped with some honey-sweet Cayenne peppers primarily have two uses in New Mexico: They are made into mash or dehydrated.
By Mari Cohen
A hammer-mill process is used to turn fresh cayenne peppers into mash. This process involves crushing the peppers with salt and large quantities of vinegar. After the process is complete, the mash is shipped in large tanks moved by truck or rail to out-of-state locations where the mash is used to create Cajun-style hot sauces. The by-products from making mash frequently are sold as livestock feed. A small amount of cayenne pepper is used for dehydrated products.
Chile powder from dried cayenne pepper also is incorporated into spice mixes. The red chile sector in New Mexico is large and complex. The industry can be divided into two distinct categories: red chile and paprika. Red chile is a pepper of bright red color that usually has different heat levels and many different uses.
Red chile usually is dehydrated after harvest. After dehydration, it can be left as a whole chile pod, processed into flakes or processed into powder. Dried whole red chile pods are sold wholesale, then packaged and distributed to consumers. Dried red chile is further processed into red chile sauces for items, such as enchiladas, chile con carne and burritos.
Dehydrated red chile processed into flakes is sold as a spice or seasoning. Finally, red chile can be processed into powder. The red chile powder is used as a seasoning and to make various sauces.
Red chile powder also is used to make spice mixes, including combinations requested by specific customers such as Taco Bell or various brand-named chile powder products. Figure 1. New Mexico chile pepper industry flow chart Source: processor interviews, Paprika is a type of red chile that has little or no heat.
It is grown primarily for its color and, after harvest and dehydration, is processed in one of two ways.
New Mexico’s Own Hatch Chile – A Healthy Hot Bite
In the first, the dehydrated paprika pods are ground into powder that can be further processed into spice mixes. Paprika also is processed for oleoresin extraction. Oleoresin is a dark red, oily substance extracted from paprika powder through a chemical or physical process. After extraction, oleoresin is used as a natural red colorant for products, such as barbeque sauce, potato chips and prepared meats.
Capsaicin, the substance that makes chile peppers hot, also can be extracted from the more pungent varieties.
New Mexico chile - Wikipedia
Capsaicin is used in self-defense sprays by individuals, law enforcement personnel and outdoors enthusiasts. Some examples of other items that are processed in New Mexico include tomatillos, onions, refried beans, Mexican-style salsas and other prepared foods. After processing, these products are sold in industrial-size quantities or under private labels at the retail level. In , there were 18,, metric tons of chile peppers including bell peppers produced worldwide.
In , there were 19, chile pepper acres harvested in New Mexico NMDA, , yielding 80, tons of green chile and cayenne peppers wet weight and 18, tons of red chile peppers dry weight. Harvested chile pepper acreages for are shown table 1 for the primary producing counties. The chile pepper processing industry in New Mexico imports large quantities of chile peppers from Mexico.
Many chile pepper industry observers and participants believe that the recent increases in chile pepper imports from Mexico threaten market shares held by New Mexico farmers. Chile peppers that enter the United States from Aug. Chile peppers entering the United States at other times of the year are subject to import quotas and varying import tariffs.
However, as of Aug. To better understand the sourcing of chile peppers for the New Mexico processing industry, informal interviews were held with chile pepper processors in New Mexico and western Arizona during summer Questions related to raw product sourcing included type of chile pepper products processed, tons processed and sources of raw materials. Because many processors were reluctant to provide exact numbers due to privacy concerns, the figures obtained should be considered rough estimates.
Data for firms that declined to provide information were imputed based on information obtained from individuals knowledgeable about the New Mexico chile pepper industry. These estimates were combined with data from firms that participated in the research. Thus, results for that county are discussed in some detail later. Results of the interviews are aggregated to avoid disclosing information about individual firms. Figure 2.
Variety is the spice of life…
Chile peppers processed in southern New Mexico by chile type and pepper growing region. The estimates of processed tons developed through the processor interviews are significantly larger than the most recent estimates reported in the New Mexico Agriculture Statistics. However, the amount of processed chile reported in New Mexico Agriculture Statistics is only for chile peppers grown in New Mexico; the figures do not include peppers grown outside the state and processed in New Mexico Lucero, Processed chile data have not been released or published since due to concerns about revealing data for individual processors Hand, Although the cayenne pepper is a type of red chile pepper, it is included in and discussed below with the green chile sector.
This is due to wet tonnage reporting for cayenne and green chile peppers versus dry tonnage reporting used for most red chile peppers. The interview data reported here for red chile in dry tons also are notably lower than the tonnages reported processed in the New Mexico Agriculture Statistics. Interview results are presented in table 2, which shows the numbers and breakdown of processed chile pepper tons in New Mexico.
Using table 2 information, fig. Unprocessed chile peppers going into the fresh market are not included in these estimates. Several processors who provided information declined to report the specific origin of their raw materials, either within or outside of New Mexico. Figure 3. Sources of green chile and cayenne peppers used by New Mexico chile pepper processors. Twenty dried red chile processors were questioned in the series of informal interviews.